Propuesta urbano-arquitectónico para la reubicación del asentamiento informal “Gracias a Dios" en San Sebastián, San José
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The current urban development model has decreased the possibilities for people to acquire a place to live, which has in turn pushed the lower-income population to establish slums with very little planning. These have eventually become consolidated urban settlements due to counterproductive and ineffective interventions made thus far. Various investigations have been carried out, which have had negative and positive approaches indicating a necessary inclusive route to solve the housing deficit. The following proposal stands for this inclusive perspective through the generation of an affordable collective housing architectural project that intends to relocate Gracias a Dios informal settlement in San Sebastián, San José, under the principles of a compact city. An inclusive and participative approach must be applied in future housing projects reassuring the right to the city for every person, just as the right to a dignified habitat and universal access to public services. Therefore, the design process included several participative workshops with the community to identify the needs, values and main characteristics of the population, as well as a complementary urban analysis at different scales of the context in study. The obtained results lead to a proposal that focuses on mixeduse collective housing with productive spaces within the living space, allowing a range of flexibility according to each family’s needs, and also with an emphasis on positive community dynamics and urban habitability.
Proyecto de graduación (Licenciatura en Arquitectura y Urbanismo) Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Arquitectura y Urbanismo, 2019.