Determinación de la prevalencia de lesiones musculoesqueléticas y planteamiento de una estrategia de abordaje para la prevención y el manejo de estas lesiones en los distintos grupos ocupacionales del Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad.”
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The attention of the musculoskeletal injuries presented in the occupational groups requires a preventive approach. Since these injuries and their manifestations are the most important causes of high costs in health care, the increase of disability´s days and at the percentage of disability, as well as losses for companies by decreasing productivity due to absenteeism. Because the above information, it is essential to apply methodologies that encourage the participation of workers by generating their own continuous improvement processes for prevention of the musculoskeletal injuries related to work. First at all, the present proposal aims to determine the prevalence of the musculoskeletal injuries for the occupation groups of the Costa Rican Electricity Institute. It is using a descriptive cross-sectional model, and once the results are analyzed, it will propose a multidisciplinary approach directed at the promotion of occupational health to all ICE workers. One the main results was that the probability of developing musculoskeletal lesions, OR values with significance are in the group of women (OR = 1.20), who perform non-manual tasks (OR = 1.07), who are more than 45 years of age (OR = 1.65), they have more than 20 years of work experience (OR = 1.80) and they are located at the central region (OR = 1.23).
Trabajo Final de Graduación (Maestría en Salud Ocupacional e Higiene Ambiental) Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Ingeniería en Salud Laboral e Higiene Ambiental, 2017.