Inventario de gases efecto invernadero de diez instalaciones de una institución pública costarricense
Guadamuz-Arias, Sarita Andrea
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The climate change is a worldwide problem caused primarily by the anthropogenic activities as burning of fossil fuels, and whose consequences generate a negative impact on all living beings in general. In Costa Rica actions are already being taken in order to control it, nevertheless, there are still sectors that have weaknesses in this issue, as it is the case of public institutions which have low compliance in the elaboration of greenhouse gas inventories. Through this project, it was elaborated the inventory of greenhouse gases in the Costa Rican public institution National Institute for Women (INAMU), following the methodology of the national standard INTE B5:2016, subsequently, taking into account the data obtained and observed during visits made to ten of the facilities of the institution, an action plan to reduce the emissions was made, considering the investment costs of the suggested actions, also, improvements were proposed to facilitate the implementation of the action plan proposed to this institution. It was obtained that in 2016 INAMU generated 146,27 ton CO 2 e of which the consumption of electricity and use of vehicles correspond to the sources of greater generation and the central building corresponds to the building with the greatest contribution to the inventory due to being the largest installation. The proposed measures to be implemented in the action plan would reduce 17,57 ton CO 2 e and would generate savings of ₡ 12 765 985,35. In addition, making changes associated mainly with the collection of data records would facilitate the implementation and follow-up process of the proposed action plan.
Proyecto de Graduación (Licenciatura en Ingeniería Ambiental) Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Química, 2018.